[AUGUST.] The Exploration of Haeinsa Temple Printing Woodblocks of The Tripitaka Koreana and Geoje Island

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The Exploration of Haeinsa Temple Printing Woodblocks of
The Tripitaka Koreana and Geoje Island

UNESCO World Heritage: Haeinsa Temple Printing Woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana

Date: 26 August (SAT) ~ 27 August, 2017 (SUN)

Location: Hapcheon County and Geoje City, Gyeongsangnamdo Province

– Contents: Visit Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the world’s only known Depositories for the Woodblocks, to recognize the value and excellence of the oldest Tripitaka Koreana, and visit the city of Geoje where the clean sea and the scenic beauty are combined to experience the beautiful natural scenery of Korea.

schedule

Time Content Note
Day1 07:00 ~ 11:30 ∙ Meeting and Departure KTO
11:30 ~ 12:30 ∙ Lunch Bulgogi with Rice
12:30 ~ 12:50 ∙ Move to Haeinsa Temple
12:50 ~ 15:00 ∙ Printing Woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana

and Janggyeong Panjeon tour

Interpreter Guide
15:00 ~ 17:40 ∙ Move to Geoje
17:40 ~ 18:40 ∙ Dinner Grilled Spareribs
18:40~ ∙ Hotel Check-in and Free Time Hotel Riviera Geoje
Day2 ~ 08:40 ∙ Hotel Breakfast and Check-out Hotel Breakfast
08:40 ~ 09:15 ∙ Move to Haegeumgang Island Ferry
09:15 ~ 09:45 ∙ Haegeumgang Island Ferry Tour
09:45 ~ 11:15 ∙ Oedo-Botania Tour
11:15 ~ 11:40 ∙ Move to Wahyeon
11:40 ~ 12:40 ∙ Lunch Grilled Fish
12:40~14:00 ∙ Historic Park of Geoje POW Camp
14:00~ ∙ Move to Seoul and Dismissal
  1. Tour Review Contest Guide
  • Write four or more reviews on your social media channels and on the UNESCO KOREA website after enjoying this tour.
    We will choose six best reviewers and give a prize!
  • Contest Period: 26 Aug. (SAT) ~ 3 Sep. 2017 (SUN) (until 24:00 midnight)
  • How to Participate:

1) Write tour reviews on one’s social media channels (4 or more)

– Topics: Hapcheon Haeinsa Temple Printing Woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana, Janggyeong Panjeon, and Geoje Tour
Must write at least 1 review for each topic
– Format: Free format, MUST hashtag (#UNESCOKOREA #Hapcheon #HaeinsaTemple)

2) Sign up for UNESCO KOREA website (http://heritageinkorea.kr) and write 1 or more reviews on the [FORUM] section.

3) Apply a tour review contest to (unescokorea2017@gmail.com)
(Name, Nationality, Review posting URLs, Captured Image)

  • Winners Announcement: 9 September 2017 (FRI)
  • Announcement Site: UNESCO KOREA website (pop up) and individual contact

Must read information before participating in this program

  1. Haeinsa Temple Printing Woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana
    Culture of Jeju Haenyeo refers to the technology and culture that has been handed down independently for many years, centered on the “Haenyeo” of Jeju Island, a rare business world-wide. Together with the ‘Muljil’ (catching seafood in the way of Haenyeo), it also refers to the tangible and intangible cultural heritage created from the life of the Jeju Haenyeo, including their technique called ‘Najam’, which means diving into the water, folk knowledge about fishery, beliefs, songs, tools and clothes, and community habits.Culture of Jeju Haenyeo was designated as a UNESCO Humanity Intangible Cultural Heritage in November, 2016. The intangible cultural heritage committee highly appreciated that the culture of Jeju Haenyeo symbolizes the unique cultural identity of Jeju Island and inspires sustainable fishery which coexists with nature, and that the culture is handed down through the community.The contents listed in the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity includes the Muljil Culture that takes seafood from the sea without an oxygen supply device, diving gut (ritual ceremony) to pray for the safety and big catch of fish of Haenyeo while strengthen solidarity of the community, singing work songs on a boat leaving for Muljil, and the role of women as intangible heritages handed down in their generation.Jeju Haenyeo refers to female divers who dive into the ocean water to gather various shellfish, seaweed, etc, without using any underwater diving equipment. When diving underwater, a haenyeo carries only a pair of goggles, a round ball-like tube to keep her balance, and a basket to put her collections in.Muljil is a dangerous work that sometimes risks their lives. So the fellow Haenyeo are important people who can cope with the risks that are possibly encountered in the water. They also convey Muljil experience and knowledge to the next generation. Therefore, Muljil develops community spirit although it is an individual task because the cooperation among Haenyeo is needed. Through the Diving Gut, Jeju Haenyeo pray for the safety of Muljil and the abundance of seafood and solidarity of the community. ‘Bulteok’ was a place where Haenyeo changed clothes for Muljil and took rest before and after Muljil. It was also a place for sharing information about Muljil technology and the martime information, or sometimes it is for sharing individual and village-wide daily life information. There were three or four Bulteoks on the coast of Jeju Island, and there are still about 70 Bulteoks remain in Jeju.
  2. Janggyeong Panjeon (the Depositories for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks)
    The Janggyeong Panjeon in the Temple of Haeinsa, on the slopes of Mount Gayasan, is home to the Tripitaka Koreana, the most complete collection of Buddhist texts, laws and treaties extant, engraved on approximately 80,000 woodblocks between 1237 and 1248. The Haeinsa Tripitaka woodblocks were carved in an appeal to the authority of the Buddha in the defense of Korea against the Mongol invasions. They are recognized by Buddhist scholars around the world for their outstanding accuracy and superior quality. The woodblocks are also valuable for the delicate carvings of the Chinese characters, so regular as to suggest that they are the work of a single hand.The Janggyeong Panjeon depositories comprise two long and two smaller buildings, which are arranged in a rectangle around a courtyard. As the most important buildings in the Haeinsa Temple complex, they are located at a higher level than the hall housing the main Buddha of the complex. Constructed in the 15th century in the traditional style of the early Joseon period, their design is characterized by its simplicity of detailing and harmony of layout, size, balance and rhythm.

    The four buildings are considered to be unique both in terms of their antiquity with respect to this specialized type of structure, and for the remarkably effective conservation solutions that were employed in their design to protect the woodblocks from deterioration, while providing for easy access and storage. They were specially designed to provide natural ventilation and to modulate temperature and humidity, adapted to climatic conditions, thus preserving the woodblocks for some 500 years from rodent and insect infestation. The Haeinsa Temple complex is a famous destination for pilgrimages, among not only Korean Buddhists, but Buddhists and scholars from all over the world.

    Criterion (iv): The depositories of the Haeinsa Temple are unique both in terms of their antiquity so far as this specialized type of structure is concerned, and also for the remarkably effective solutions developed in the 15th century to address the problem of storing and conserving the 80,000 woodblocks used to print the Buddhist scriptures (Tripitaka Koreana) against deterioration.

    Criterion (vi): The Janggyeong Panjeon and its unique collection of 13th century Tripitaka Koreana woodblocks, outstanding for their artistry and excellent execution of engraving techniques, occupy an exceptional position in the history of Buddhism as the most complete and accurate corpus of Buddhist doctrinal texts in the world.

  3. Geoje Haegeumgang Island
    As one of the best sights in Geojedo Island, Geoje Haegeumgang River is called the Geumgang River (Sea Diamond) of the South Sea. As a rock island, Haegeumgang River belongs to Hallyeo Marine National Park, which is assigned as an official green area in South Korea. Its original name was Galgotdo, because it is shaped like the spreading roots of arrowroot. These days it is known as Haegeumgang River, meaning Geumgangsan Mountain in the sea.If you go on the tour, you will be fascinated by the height of the rock walls and the inside of the Shipjagul Cave in the center of Haegeumgang River. When you take a ship around the island, you’ll be fascinated once more because of the great works such as the Maitreya Rock, which reflects on Eunjin Maitreya, Candlestick Rock and the 1,300 year old guardian pine tree of Haegeumgang River.
  4. Geoje Oedo Island
    Oedo Island, about 4 km away from Geoje Island, is rich in water and rainfall and known for its warm climate. Surrounded by clear blue waters, the prospect of seeing Geoje Island, Haegeumgang, and Tsushima Island contributes to its beauty.Oedo-Botania is a marine botanical garden located in Hallyeo Maritime National Park, which has a beautiful view of the crystal blue South Sea and surrounding landscape.

    In April, the island is covered with a plethora of flowers. The Venus Garden displays twelve sculptures and a western-style garden. At Paradise Lounge, one can enjoy the sunshine and the sea while drinking beverages. Camellias and various kinds of rare flowers from all over the world can be found in Oedo. When coming down the ‘Stairway to Heaven,’ visitors can view the beautiful garden and the ocean in the background. Magnificent terrace landscaping line both sides of the stairway. Oedo Paradise Island is without a doubt, a true paradise.

    It became known as the last filming site of KBS drama <Winter Sonata> in 2002, becoming a popular tourist destination not only for domestic tourists but also for foreign tourists. Recently, it has been selected as Korea’s top tourist destination by Korea Tourism Organization and netizens.

  5. Historic Park of Geoje POW CampThe Park of Geojedo, P.O.W Camp was built to hold prisoners during the Korean War.Out of a total of 170,000 prisoners of war, 20,000 were from China and 150,000 were from North Korea. The camp was closed upon the signing of the 1953 armistice, which ended the war. Remains of the war, such as tanks, trucks and other relics are on exhibit here. The camp was turned into a park in 1997 to ensure that the Korean War is not a forgotten war. It takes approximately one hour to walk the park grounds.